In a working relationship such as an employer-employee relationship, situations and issues may sometimes arise. Various legal issues such as discrimination, wrongful termination, allocation of wages and taxation, and safety in the workplace are usually common in such circumstances.
Because of this, federal and state employment laws are applied to address such concerns. These laws apply to all those in the employment world—from former and current employees, applicants, and employers themselves.
Every employee, from old to current ones, is subject to protections under a considerable number of federal and state employment laws. One must take into account the fact that state employment laws vary from state to state, and with the federal employment laws as bases. It is important for concerned applicants or employees to seek the help of any of the employment law attorneys for queries regarding their rights under federal and state laws.
For employers, it is important for them to follow the federal employment laws so they may not be subjected to lawsuits filed by their employees. The following are some of the key federal regulations related to employment:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – The stipulations in this section of the Act states that employers are prohibited to discriminate against applicants in the hiring process based on their race, color, religion, sex, or nation of origin. This applies to employers with 15 or more employees.
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act – According to the Act, employers are prevented to give preferential treatment to younger workers over older ones. This applies to workplaces with 20 or more employees, as well to workers 40 years of age and older.
- Fair Labor Standards Act – According to the Act, employers must provide their employees quality and fair allocation of work days, breaks, and leaves. The Act also implements applicable salary and overtime requirements.
- Americans with Disability Act (ADA) – In this Act, employers are prohibited from discriminating against an applicant who has a disability. The Act also defines “disability” as a physical or mental impairment that limits the applicant or employee to do one or more major life activities.